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First, he was the leading citizen of Athens at that time and his vision guided the Athenians’ early actions in the war. What did he mean?' After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. To play this quiz, please finish editing it. He is now talking (at last) about the men who have died, and how they should be taken as a model and inspiration for those who have survived. Peloponnesian conflict 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides used to be an Athenian statesman for the period of the Peloponnesian struggle. Read the Pericles Funeral Oration (along with the document background information and the study questions) and answer the following question in a paragraph:Citing specific evidence from the Funeral Oration (not the textbook), what were the main features of Athenian democracy according to Pericles?Some Suggested Websites for further study on this assignment: The Greeks: Crucible of … Edit. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. 1 Answer. Understanding the Passage (Key Questions). From Pericles Funeral Oration. It is Where does Pericles describe the Athenian taste in art, and what is it? Questions on this quiz are based on information from Pericles. The golden years of democracy in Athens followed for the next 70 to 80 years. [4] Make them your examples, and, esteeming courage to be freedom and freedom to be happiness, do not weigh too nicely the perils of war. Pericles. Its Administration Favours The Many Instead Of The Few; This Is Why It Is Called A Democracy. He have this speech to honor Athenians who had died in the Peloponnesian War. [6] To a man of spirit, cowardice and disaster coming together are far more bitter than death striking him unperceived at a time when he is full of courage and animated by the general hope. Question and answer “History of the Peloponnesian War: Pericles’ Funeral Oration:” What is most likely the speaker’s reason for addressing the mourners of the war dead? Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech during the war, in 430 BC. The Funeral Oration of Pericles The excerpt below is taken from Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. 4) According to Pericles how do … Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Pericles's funeral oration was recorded by the Athenian historian Thucydides (c. 460–c. Pericles speech was called the Funeral Oration. Understanding the Passage (Key Questions) Understanding the Passage (Some Answers) Further Reading . It’s hard for us to imagine today that some peoples actually lived up to their ideals, but the world of Athens described by Pericles in his Funeral Oration was true to Athenian principles. Historians are agreed that the Athenians lived and spoke as they believed. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. 0 0 0. But what is more inspiring is the way Pericles delivered the speech in the Greek famous War. X Your answer: For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Pericles webquest print page. Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech throughout the war, in 430 BC. Test your knowledge of funeral oration with an interactive quiz and printable worksheet. But tension between the Athenian democracy and the Spartan monarchy made the one … A funeral oration is a lengthy speech given at a funeral. Bosworth, ‘The historical context of Thucydides’ Funeral Oration’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 120 (2000), Nicole Loraux, The Invention of Athens: the funeral oration in the classical city (Cambridge MA, 1986), Jennifer Talbot Roberts, ‘Mourning and democracy’, in Katherine Harloe & Neville Morley (eds. 0 2 0. Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. As for the idea that a noble death means eternal glory, this contrasts with the depiction of the afterlife in Homer's Odyssey (Book XI), where Achilles declares he'd rather be a living wage-labourer than a dead hero. In an essay, describe Antigone’s, Creon’s, and Pericles’ respective answers to these questions. In spite of his often jingoistic faith in Athens, Pericles is indeed right in assuming that “the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be [Athens’s]”. Pericles What … a year ago. 5. rolomoore77 rolomoore77 12/10/2020 History High School Read this quotation from Pericles’s Funeral Oration in ancient Athens. Play. . 3. Solo Practice. The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are willing to die for their city. How does this compare with other Greek views on the subject? … “Funeral Oration” – Pericles Primary source document from the leader of Athens, Pericles. Introduction to the Funeral Oration. The Ancient Greek historian Thucydides recorded a speech made by the Athenian leader Pericles in honor of those who died fighting Sparta in the first year of The Peloponnesian war (431 B.C). Funeral Oration Of Pericles. Correct answers: 1 question: Read this quotation from pericles’s funeral oration in ancient athens. Favorite Answer . Thucydides used this opportunity to recreate the experience of listening to the greatest orator of his time, and at the same time to give his reader a sense of Pericles’ own ideas and of the ideals that inspired the Athenians; and, as always, he wanted his readers to think about those ideas and ideals, and to compare them to the reality of events. After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. Tricky. (Pericles Funeral Oration from Thucydides by Paul Halsall Book Report/Review, n.d.) ... and the report also examines questions of fixed vs. flexible research. Thucydides' Greek is notoriously difficult, but the language of Pericles Funeral Oration is considered by many to be the most difficult and virtuosic passage in the History of the Peloponnesian War. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. Lots of Greek writers stress the uncertainty of fortune (Herodotus 1.5: "human happiness never remains long in one place"; the closing lines of Sophocles' Oedipus Turannos are that no-one should be called happy until he is dead), but the idea that it's therefore better to get yourself killed early - in the right sort of way - to avoid the risk of misfortune is again unique to Pericles. Hi view the full answer But if they were worthy of praise, still more … Pericles's Funeral Oration. Thereafter, however, especially through the influence of the British historian George Grote and his friend the philosopher John Stuart Mill, democracy was seen as a good thing, and Pericles’ speech became its most powerful celebration. Homework. But instead of listening to him I would have you day by day fix your eyes upon the greatness of Athens, until you become filled with the love of her; and when you are impressed by the spectacle of her glory, reflect that this empire has been acquired by men who knew their duty and had the courage to do it, who in the hour of conflict had the fear of dishonour always present to them, and who, if ever they failed in an enterprise, would not allow their virtues to be lost to their country, but freely gave their lives to her as the fairest offering which they could present at her feast. Question. Queens Road Men Who Understand Their Duties Men Who Like Adventure All Of These Are Correct. 4. You will find all the answers you need in the text and introduction to the Penguin Classics edition of Thucydides' History of the Pelopponesian War. Answer Save. Pericles occupies a central role for two reasons. It's not nearly as bad as dishonour. Aristotle's 'Athenian Constitution' is thought to have been a copy of the original … Pericles is called upon to give a funeral oration for those who have died in the Peloponnesian War. To honor their sacrifice and reinforce public faith in the worth of the nation. Pericles's Funeral Oration . Pericles funeral oration essay questions Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman pericles funeral oration essay questions during the Peloponnesian War. Pericles eulogized … About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Pericles . Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. Hmm, strange question really, with a long answer. Below is a summary. 55% average accuracy. [2] The sacrifice which they collectively made was individually repaid to them; for they received again each one for himself a praise which grows not old, and the noblest of all sepulchers—I speak not of that in which their remains are laid, but of that in which their glory survives, and is proclaimed always and on every fitting occasion both in word and deed. Any one can discourse to you for ever about the advantages of a brave defence, which you know already. 1 Thucydides, Pericles' Funeral Oration I will speak first of our ancestors, for it is right and seemly that now, when we are lamenting the dead, a tribute should be paid to their memory. In a democracy, where all citizens are legally equal, there are still differences between rich and poor. (Ancient History Sourcebook: Thucydides (c. 460/455-c. 399 BCE): Pericles’ Memorial Oration through the Peloponnesian Warfare (Book 2 . Pericles notes that there are practical advantages from fighting ("what is to be gained by beating the enemy back"), but he wants to stress more idealistic motives: citizens should fall in love with their city, so that they willingly sacrifice themselves it and thus receive eternal glory. Finally, as an extension or homework activity, students will answer reflection questions on the themes of the speech. Thucydides' Greek is notoriously difficult, but the language of Pericles Funeral Oration is considered by many to be the most difficult and virtuosic passage in the History of the Peloponnesian War. They now live on eternally in people's memories. Disagreement about “who is mourned,” “who gets to mourn them,” and “how should this mourning occur,” are significant issues in these two texts. Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. John. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. Athens and its ally, king-led Sparta, defeated the Persians at different times over the next 20 years. The reading is followed by 4 comprehension and critical thinking questions perfect for class discussion. Kids take a ten question quiz about Pericles. I will award points! 1 Answer. I had to read about the Pericles' Funeral oration. How does Pericles depict the men who have died? In his “Funeral Oration”, Pericles speaks about the Athenian life and their accomplishments as a method of inspiring those who are living and to be reminded of the actual dead got fought pertaining to. Favorite Answer. Scholars found a written record of this speech. Mourning is common theme that connects Sophocles’ Antigone, and Thucydides’ report of Pericles funeral oration. Pericles was a famous Greek general. Edit. Bristol, BS8 1QU, UK Compare Antigone and Pericles funeral oration or the Melian dialogue. How is the speech structured? The Ancient Greek historian Thucydides recorded a speech made by the Athenian leader Pericles in honor of those who died fighting Sparta in the first year of The Peloponnesian war (431 B.C). Hermann Strasburger, ‘Thucydides and the political self-portrait of the Athenians’, in Jeffrey S. Rusten (ed. Pericles' "Funeral Oration" supposedly delivered in winter, 430 General DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Then, they work with a small group to paraphrase this complex speech into modern language. Pericles. I'm really stuck, thanks for your help. 0��. 2 Answers. Get your answers by asking now. How does the structure support this message? Question: Question 1 1 Pts Readings: Thucydides:Intro And Pericles' Funeral Oration: Who Made Athens Great? 1) What does Pericles say in this oration about the constitution, government and laws of the Athenians? DISCUSSION QUESTIONS for … 1 decade ago. Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view. 7 years ago. The most important thing … This question hasn't been … Question 2 The document was written between 455 BC to 399 BC. After falling from vigor, he wrote his account of the struggle from his factor of view. Pericles’ Funeral Oration (With Corresponding Questions) Pericles (around 495-429 B.C.E.) Source(s): https://shorte.im/bbGNy. Save. It is true that we are called a democracy, because power is in the hands of the many and not the few . Pericles' funeral oration is considered to be a valuable speech on the importance of democracy and a sneak peek into the way the people of Athens lived. There's no mention of any afterlife, just eternal glory. After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. Get an answer for 'In his funeral oration, Pericles described Athens as the "school of Hellas." Tel: +44 (0)117 928 9000 Get an answer for 'In his funeral oration, Pericles described Athens as the "school of Hellas." Pericles has spent most of his time so far praising Athens, to show that it was (and is) worth dying for. everyone is equal before the law; when a citizen is in any way distinguished, he is chosen for public … In one sentence, what is the essential 'message' of the speech? Pericles praises Athens so that people will keep fighting; he praises the sacrifices of the dead so that others will imitate them. 404 BCE) in his History of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles’ funeral oration to the Athenians at the end of the first year of war. [3] For the whole earth is the sepulchre of famous men; not only are they commemorated by columns and inscriptions in their own country, but in foreign lands there dwells also an unwritten memorial of them, graven not on stone but in the hearts of men. Editors Note: Democracy had its beginnings in Athens around 500 B.C. Relevance. [5] The unfortunate who has no hope of a change for the better has less reason to throw away his life than the prosperous who, if he survive, is always liable to a change for the worse, and to whom any accidental fall makes the most serious difference. What did he mean?' Answer Save. Test Quiz. Thucydides wrote the funeral oration of Pericles *during* the Peloponesian war, while he was recording the events of the war. Pericles’ funeral oration summary. Special editions of the Funeral Oration were published in Britain in the First World War, and quotations from it appear on many war memorials and are used in memorial services. Lv 7. Editors Note: Democracy had its beginnings in Athens around 500 B.C. War And Peace Wealth And Poverty First Words The Eye Athenian Democracy. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. In the speech, Pericles describes the superior qualities of Athenian democracy as compared with … 34-46). ) The value of such a spirit is not to be expressed in words. [citation needed] The speech is full of rhetorical devices, such as antithesis, anacoluthon, asyndeton, anastrophe, hyperbaton, and others; most famously the rapid succession of proparoxytone words beginning with e … TERMS IN THIS SET (74) No finer expression of the ideas of democracy exists than the famous Funeral Oration delivered by who in honor of the Athenians who fell fighting Sparta during the first year (431 B.C.) He was an extremely successful man, and well rounded in many aspects of Athenian leadership Compare Antigone and Pericles … It was given in the 5th-century by Pericles. The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are w… Beacon House 2) What in Athenian society does Pericles celebrate? Favorite Answer. Login to reply the answers Post; Lomax. Contact us, Department of Classics and Ancient History, Institute of Greece, Rome and the Classical Tradition. The Athenians would go on to lose the war with Sparta. Introduction to the Funeral Oration. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. Pericles eulogized Athens itself, using the occasion to rally Athens and Athenians by reminding them of their traditions, beliefs, and glory. Feel free to con Men With High Standards Next. What picture of Athenian democracy does the speech give? (.m����#W����O� ��Z� �8�o��vݑ+���,�$I���R��#�X��úQ�]�윩��z�P9��{��ʕ���J��j�ϻg�IK{k)��tZW�����>;����w��I{��÷g?�=9=���c��K���0tl���5�+D�cy�!O This quiz is incomplete! Funeral Oration. Pericles describe Athenian democracy: Democracy should favor the majority of the people, not just a select few. As always, Thucydides does not offer us clear lessons or instructions, but demands that we consider complicated questions. Much better to die when you're being courageous and patriotic. Question 1 The excerpt came from Thucydides’, “Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War” document. Document A: Pericles (Modified) The following excerpt is from a speech known as “The Funeral Oration,” delivered by the Athenian general and politician Pericles in 431 BCE. Relevance. 1. English. everyone is equal before the law; when a citizen is in any way distinguished, he is chosen for public service, not as a matter of privilege, but as reward for his abilities. After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. Why should citizens fight to defend their city, in Pericles' view? Share practice link. The funeral oration was spoken after the first year of the Peloponnesian war to commemorate those that had died in the war. He gave this speech during a funeral for Athenian soldiers that died in … Pericles is called upon to give a funeral oration for those who have died in the Peloponnesian War. There has never been a time when they did not inhabit this land, which by their valor they will have handed down from generation to generation, and we have received from them a free state. Relevance. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. Pericles, on Athenian Soldiers One text we love is Pericles’ Funeral Oration. From Pericles Funeral Oration. One of the most famous of these speeches is Pericles' Funeral Oration.In this speech, Pericles mourned the deaths of soldiers in the beginning battles of the Peloponnesian War. This section may lend undue weight to the Gettysburg Address. of the Peloponnesian War? In books of quotations, the Funeral Oration always provides most of the entries for Thucydides; these are the lines he is most famous for, and politicians – especially in the United States – regularly quote these lines in speeches. Question 3 The author of the document is Athenian historian, Thucydides Question 4 According to the author, Athenians are set apart from their neighbors and adversaries through; Their Constitution, does not copy laws of … [1] Such was the end of these men; they were worthy of Athens, and the living need not desire to have a more heroic spirit, although they may pray for a less fatal issue. 3. 8 years ago. The dead are idealised - these are men who knew their duty and had the courage to do it, who made the ultimate sacrifice to their city and fellow-citizens, and who would risk anything but dishonour. Funeral orations are generally formal in nature and their themes sometimes extend beyond the deaths of the people who are being mourned.

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