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NASA's airborne observatory, SOFIA, is a Boeing 747SP fitted with a 20,000 kg, 2.5 meter diameter infrared telescope. SOFIA features a German-built far-infrared telescope with an effective diameter of 100-inches (2.5 meters). Images from the SOFIA telescope revealed that the giant red in Jupiter’s southern hemisphere is cooling the planet’s atmosphere. The aircraft has been flying since 2010 and is planned to be operational until the early 2030s. using SOFIA Telescope, NASA found water on the Moon's sunlit surface for the first time. Sofía Suescun ha vuelto a compartir con sus seguidores unas imágenes de lo más sexys…. This 2-minute, 57-second NASA animation created in 2007 illustrates the movements of the 2.5-meter telescope and the layout of the cabin on the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). Infrared light from the red supergiant star Antares, emitted more than 550 years ago, was observed by SOFIA using a camera called the Faint Object InfraRed Camera for the SOFIA Telescope, or FORCAST, developed by Cornell University. Its seven first-generation instruments, including cameras, spectrographs and a high-speed photometer, together with its future-generation instruments, will enable a wide variety of astronomical science observations. The FORCAST instrument collected data on a number of celestial targets including Comet Hartley, the star-forming nebulae Messier 42 in the Orion constellation and massive clouds of interstellar gas and dust in which hundreds of stars are forming such as W3 IRS5 and Sharpless 140. This means that, over its lifetime, the aircraft can have new and improved upgrades to its on board equipment added, as well as receiving the best of care and maintenance for its engines and avionics. Photo: NASA/Jim Ross via Wikimedia Commons The SOFIA telescope is a joint project between NASA and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), an 80-20% partnership. Let us know in the comments. Unparalleled astronomical science capabilities The Orion star-formation complex was taken by the SOFIA telescope using the FORCAST mid-infrared camera. Just like Kuiper did, SOFIA has been created to undertake infrared astronomy in flight, something which is near on impossible to do from the ground due to the water vapor in the atmosphere. The resulting dip in the brightness of the star allowed astronomers to determine the structure of Pluto's atmosphere. The observatory operates at altitudes between 12 and 14 km. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, more concisely named by its acronym SOFIA, is a joint project between NASA and the German Aerospace Center (DLR). The SOFIA FORCAST mosaic (color) is superimposed on a star field image from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Editor -  Joanna has worked in publishing for more than a decade and is fast becoming a go-to source for commercial aviation analysis. Training is also provided for undergraduate and graduate-level scientists, engineers and technologists by enabling their participation in the design and development of instruments, as well as the execution and analysis of astronomical observations made using the SOFIA telescope.Development Status It is the successor to Kuiper, NASA’s previous airborne space observatory which was retired in 1995. It arrived with NASA in October 1997, and has even had its original name restored to its fuselage – Clipper Lindbergh. SOFIA’s image size and image jitter goals are derived from a diffraction limited image for wavelengths beyond 25 μ m (1st goal). Although the aircraft may sometimes experience turbulence, the telescope has been designed to not be affected by this, as its mountings allow it to ‘float’ and avoid the bumps on board. During its 21-year lifetime, the Kuiper Observatory focused on solar system, galactic and extra-galactic astronomy, and was used in the discovery of the rings of Uranus, a ring of star formation around the nucleus of the Milky Way, luminous infrared galaxies, complex organic molecules in space, and water in comets. "First light," the first time the telescope collected astronomical data, was achieved on May 25, 2010. The modified Boeing 747 flew over the Pacific Ocean and pointed its nearly 9-foot telescope at Pluto during an occultation, an eclipse-like event in which Pluto cast a faint shadow on Earth’s surface as it passed in front of a … SOFIA's Airborne Astronomy Ambassadors program gives middle- and high-school teachers and science museum educators hands-on experience in scientific and astronomical research as they work with scientists during missions on the flying observatory. An image of stars forming in the W51 stellar nursery. On board SOFIA are the pilots, experts who operate the telescope and, of course, the astronomers who study the stars. (This statement applies only to telescopes that use visible light and make images or photographs.) Sofia’s 2.5-meter diameter telescope allows astronomers to access the visible, infrared and sub-millimeter spectrum. It looks out of … SOFIA studied Pluto just two weeks before New Horizon’s flyby in July 2015. SOFIA captures images of space at an altitude of 38,000–45,000 feet. The next best telescopes are the Keck Telescopes in Hawaii and some telescopes in Chile. The telescope onboard this special aircraft is a 2.5m reflector telescope, with a 2.7m primary mirror. His work led to the development of NASA's Kuiper Airborne Observatory, a modified C-141 aircraft incorporating a 36-inch reflecting telescope that flew from 1974 to 1995. Educators take what they learn during their SOFIA training and flights back to their classroom and their communities to improve curricula and generate interest in STEM-related courses and careers. Once validated, the technologies developed will also be useful in future space missions. But this 747SP is even more special than most. It looks out of a large door in the port side of the aircraft near the tail. Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems Journal of Biomedical Optics Journal of Electronic Imaging Journal of Medical Imaging Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS Journal of Nanophotonics Neurophotonics Journal of Photonics for Energy Optical Engineering Ebooks Follow these easy steps to disable AdBlock, Follow these easy steps to disable AdBlock Plus, Follow these easy steps to disable uBlock Origin, Follow these easy steps to disable uBlock, How Recently Rebranded Airlink Became Africa’s Second Biggest Airline, Pakistan Fines Turkish Airlines Over COVID-19 Requirements, Emirates Slashes Services To Australia For Operational Reasons, Alaska’s January Load Factor Could Be As Low As 35%, Delta Air Lines Receives $3bn In Additional Government Support. NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. Initial "routine" science observation flights began in December 2010 [12] and the observatory is slated for full capability by … One of the major modifications carried out to the SP was the installation of a 5.5m tall, 4.1m wide sliding door in the aircraft’s fuselage. The telescope weighs 19 tons (38,000 pounds) and is mounted in the rear fuselage of a highly modified Boeing 747SP aircraft.Unparalleled astronomical science capabilitiesThe Orion star-formation complex was taken by the SOFIA telescope using the FORCAST mid-infrared camera. The Boeing 747 is an iconic aircraft, and the 747SP holds a special place in many an avgeek’s heart. Also in the pressurized section, and in the mid-section of the aircraft, is the main mission control and science operations area. The completion of these tasks will result in sustained use of the observatory for many years to come, enabling infrared astronomy of the highest caliber. Further forward, the aircraft houses an education and public outreach area. Without the deployment capabilities of SOFIA, these observations could not have occurred. Being the world’s largest airborne astronomical observatory, the telescope has the ability to produce a higher resolution image, three times higher in … Leading up to that milestone, SOFIA will undergo alternating periods of science flights and long-term development of the observatory, including installation of upgraded software and hardware control systems, commissioning of science instruments, avionics modernization and routine maintenance of the aircraft. NASA's Ames Research Center at Moffett Field, Calif., manages the SOFIA science and mission operations in cooperation with the Universities Space Research Association in Columbia, Md., and the Deutsches SOFIA Institut in Stuttgart, Germany. ( 2011 ) depend on a small enough image size to fit in the slit of the instrument for time efficient measurements and to achieve their scientific goals. NASA's Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is the world's largest airborne astronomical observatory, complementing NASA's space telescopes as well as major Earth-based telescopes. The purpose of SOFIA Is to provide us with never before seen observations of space. SOFIA's ability to return to Earth after each flight enables frequent opportunities for upgrading and installing new science instruments, permitting ongoing development of new astronomical technology throughout its lifetime.Education and Public Outreach This is a redirection page In case the javascript redirection does not work, please click on the link below: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/SOFIA/index.html The Swan Nebula, located around 5,000 light-years away, is thought to be the core of the Milky Way, and was observed in full infrared color and  in amazing detail, thanks to SOFIA.

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